In combination with subsequent fires and a tsunami, the earthquake almost totally destroyed Lisbon and adjoining areas. The Lisbon Earthquake 1755 (Image Credit: The Higgins Art Gallery & Museum, Bedford, BEDFM 1974.27.1570) During the early hours of 1 November 1755, Lisbon was affected by a very powerful earthquake that violently shook the western and southern parts of Portugal. The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the Great Lisbon earthquake, occurred in the Kingdom of Portugal on the morning of Saturday, 1 November, Feast of All Saints, at around 09:40 local time. This extreme size should be taken with caution. Home » Past to Present » Climate and West Cork » The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake-Tsunami and the West Cork Coast.

The Lisbon earthquake is often stated to have been an M9. Lisbon Earthquake and Tsunami, 1755 Earthquake, tsunami and firestorm On All Saints Day (1st November) 1755, at 9.40 in the morning, a huge earthquake, which modern scientists believe to have measured between 8.5 and 9 on the Richter Scale, struck in the Atlantic Ocean, about 120 miles off Cape St Vincent on the Portuguese coast. The odd coincidence that this horrendous catastrophe happened during a religious holiday still echoes in dialectics and religious discussions. The earthquake that laid waste to Portugal's capital city Lisbon on 1 November 1755 shook the West as severely as almost no other earthquake has before or since.
Earthquakes of this size only occur in subduction zones, and there is no such zone south-west of Lisbon (sometimes it is argued that there may be one developing, but this is based on the presumed size of the earthquake and the argument becomes circular).
The Lisbon Earthquake of 1755 certainly left its mark on the world’s cultural heritage as well as on the aspects of religion and philosophy. On 1 November 1755, as worshippers in Portugal and southwestern Spain were gathered for mass on All Saint's Day, a tremendous earthquake struck, toppling many churches and killing about 60,000 people (1, 2).Many churchgoers were killed, sparking a lively debate among philosophers about divine justice. The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, also known as the "Great Lisbon Earthquake" and the "Disaster at Lisbon", occurred in the Kingdom of Portugal on Saturday, 1 November 1755, the Catholic holiday of All Saints' Day, at around 9:40 am.


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